“Coronary artery disease with acute coronary syndromes (AC

“Coronary artery disease with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is the leading cause of death worldwide in both men and women. ACS mostly occur as a result of rupture of “vulnerable plaque” with a superimposed thrombus formation, which ultimately leads to distal cessation of blood flow. Vulnerable plaque mostly occurs in mildly obstructive coronary lesions rather than severely stenosed (< 50%) lesions. Support for this conclusion comes from studies of patients with ACS who had a recent prior coronary angiogram; the artery AZD9291 concentration involved in the subsequent ACS was usually only moderately diseased. Whether

early treatment of these mildly obstructive lesions with percutaneous coronary interventions may lead to prevention of this deadly malady remains unknown. The long-term efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention for mildly obstructive coronary narrowing is limited by the occurrence of restenosis, which limits the applicability of this therapy https://www.selleckchem.com/products/sbc-115076.html for these lesions. However, use of drug-eluting stents has significantly reduced the incidence of in-stent restenosis, yielding much better long-term outcomes. This article reviews the available data for possible early treatment of mildly obstructive coronary lesions with drug-eluting stents for prevention of ACS.”
“Background: Alvimopan is indicated to accelerate the time to gastrointestinal

recovery following partial bowel resection with primary anastomosis. The approved dosing regimen includes an initial dose prior to surgery and 12 mg twice daily

after surgery for up to 7 days; however, there are no human studies evaluating the need for the preoperative dose. We report our experience with gastrointestinal recovery when the preoperative dose is omitted. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of alvimopan therapy when the preoperative dose is not administered. Methods: This retrospective study included elective surgery patients who underwent bowel resection with primary anastomosis without colostomy or ileostomy. The study compared (a) patients who received alvimopan and received a dose preoperatively, (b) patients who received alvimopan but did not receive a dose preoperatively, and (c) matched control patients who did not receive alvimopan. VX-680 price Length of stay following bowel resection, direct hospital costs, time to first bowel movement, and time to oral diet were evaluated. Results: Of 50 patients who received alvimopan, 27 received the preoperative dose and 23 did not. These 50 patients were matched to similar control patients who received no alvimopan during their admission for resection. Compared with controls, time to discharge was significantly shorter in patients who received alvimopan, regardless of whether the preoperative dose was administered (P smaller than .001) or omitted (P = .03).

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