Over the years, these approaches have slowly revolutionized malar

Over the years, these approaches have slowly revolutionized malaria research and enabled the comprehensive, unbiased investigation of various aspects of the parasite’s biology. These genome-wide analyses delivered a refined annotation of the parasite’s genome, delivered a better knowledge of its RNA, proteins and metabolite derivatives, and fostered

the discovery of new vaccine and drug targets. Despite the positive impacts of these genomic studies, most research and investment still focus on protein targets, drugs and vaccine candidates that were known before the publication of the parasite genome sequence. However, recent access to next-generation sequencing buy RG7204 technologies, along with an increased number of genome-wide applications, is expanding the impact of the parasite genome on biomedical research, contributing to a paradigm shift in research activities that may possibly lead to new optimized diagnosis and treatments. This review provides an update of Plasmodium falciparum genome sequences and an overview of the rapid development of genomics and system biology applications that have an immense potential of creating powerful tools for a successful malaria eradication campaign. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a eukaryotic protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. With up

to one million deaths per year, malaria remains one of the deadliest infectious diseases in the world and has been recognized as SCH772984 one of the strongest forces driving evolutionary selection in the human genome. There are five different species of Plasmodium that can infect

humans; P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale and more recently P. knowlesi, P. falciparum is responsible for the most severe malignant malaria leading to death, especially in children under 5 years old in sub-Saharan African countries. In addition to its deleterious effects on human health, malaria has a significant impact on poverty and is a major impediment to economic development. Despite the success of an eradication campaign after the Second World War in developed countries (Europe and North America) and a significant reduction of cases in developing parts of the world, malaria is still widespread Progesterone in all tropical and subtropical areas and can still affect more than 40% of the world population. Recent advances in treatments – these include the development of new combinational therapies, the increased use of bed nets and improved insecticides – have contributed to the reduction of detected infections in select African countries and revived hope that malaria is a disease that can be eradicated. While there is still no approved vaccine, malaria is a curable disease. Since ancient times, traditional medicinal plants have been used to treat malaria.

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