The binding site of (-)-zuonin A is predicted by docking and molecular dynamics simulation to be located in the DRS of JNK. (+)-Zuonin A also inhibitor Sorafenib binds JNK but barely impedes the binding of c-Jun. (-)-Zuonin A inhibits the activation of JNK, as well as the phosphorylation of c-Jun in anisomycin-treated HEK293 cells, with the inhibition of JNK activation being more pronounced (-)-Zuonin A also inhibits events associated with constitutive JNK2 activity, including c-Jun phosphorylation, basal Akt activation, and MDA-MB-231 cell Migration. Mutations in the predicted binding Site for (-)-zuonin A, can render it significantly more or less sensitive to inhibition than wild type JNK2, allowing for the design of potential chemical genetic experiments.
These studies suggest that the biological activity reported for other lignans, Such as saucerneol F and zuonin B, may be the result of their, ability to impede protein-protein interactions within MAPK cascades
Detection and quantification of fatty acid fluxes in animal model systems following physiological, pathological, or pharmacological challenges is key to our understanding of complex metabolic networks as these macronutrients also activate transcription factors and modulate signaling cascades including insulin sensitivity. To enable noninvasive, real-time, spatiotemporal quantitative imaging of fatty acid fluxes in animals, we created a bioactivatable molecular imaging probe based on long chain fatty acids conjugated to a reporter molecule (luciferin).
We show that this probe faithfully recapitulates cellular fatty acid uptake and can be used in animal systems as a valuable tool to localize and quantitate in real time lipid fluxes such as intestinal fatty acid absorption and brown adipose tissue activation. This imaging approach should further our understanding of basic metabolic processes and pathological alterations in Cilengitide multiple disease models.
Platinum-based drugs have been used to successfully treat diverse cancers for several decades. Cisplatin, the original compound of this class, cross-links. DNA, resulting in cell cycle arrest and cell death via apoptosis. Cisplatin is effective against several tumor types, yet it exhibits toxic side effects and tumors often develop resistance.
To mitigate these liabilities while maintaining potency, we generated a library Of non classical platinum-acridine hybrid agents and assessed their mechanisms of action using a validated genome-wide screening approach in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in the distantly related yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Chemogenomic profiles from both definitely S. cerevisiae and S. pombe demonstrate that several of the platinum-acridines damage DNA differently than cisplatin based on their requirement for distinct modules of DNA repair.
There are many potential RNA drug targets in bacterial, viral, and human transcriptomes.