krusei as C inconspicua/norvegensis,Candida tropicalis, or Geotr

krusei as C. inconspicua/norvegensis,Candida tropicalis, or Geotrichum capitatum. In contrast, all C. krusei strains were correctly identified by MALDI TOF MS. In conclusion, species identification by MALDI-TOF MS was proven to be consistent with ITS sequence analysis; the technique has a resolving power comparatively ATM inhibitor as high as ITS sequence analysis. “
“Metergoline, a serotonin receptor antagonist, was evaluated for its antifungal activity against the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida krusei by a broth microdilution assay. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal fungicidal concentration of metergoline

against C. krusei were 4 and 8 μg ml−1 respectively. Significant synergism was found in combination of metergoline with amphotericin B (fractional inhibitory concentration index: 0.375–0.5) by a chequerboard assay. Metergoline also inhibited extracellular phospholipase secretion in a dose-dependent manner, which may be a possible action mechanism of metergoline on C. krusei. “
“The fungicidal properties of purified CAY-1, dissolved silver ion and ethylenediamine tetraacetic

acid (EDTA) separately were studied in vitro as were the abilities of silver and EDTA to enhance CAY-1 fungicidal Enzalutamide clinical trial properties. Non-germinated and germinating conidia of Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium verticillioides (Fusarium moniliforme), Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani were incubated separately with CAY-1 (0–24.8 μg ml−1), silver (0–111.1 μg ml−1), and EDTA (0–2400 μg ml−1). Controls consisted of non-germinated or germinated conidia in test medium. To assess combined activity, compounds, based on the sub-lethal doses of each as defined in the initial experiments, were combined and tested in bioassays. Controls for the mixed sets consisted of non-germinated or germinated selleck conidia only or with the sub-lethal CAY-1 test

concentrations. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for CAY-1 and silver, both separate and combined, were determined. Viability assays showed CAY-1 activity only against the germinating conidia of A. flavus, A. niger and F. solani. Silver was active against the germinating conidia of all fungi and the non-germinated conidia of F. oxysporum and F. solani. Combined silver and CAY-1 produced significant viability loss at concentrations not effective separately. EDTA was not fungicidal separately and did not enhance CAY-1 fungicidal properties. MIC data showed that CAY-1 plus silver had an additive effect. Results indicate that dissolved silver was fungicidal in vitro and enhanced the fungicidal properties of CAY-1 at concentrations ineffective when tested separately. “
“Candida peritonitis is a potentially life-threatening infection after abdominal transplantation, although there is scant information regarding its incidence and outcome.

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