journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. All the included studies were follow-up studies; eight studies used prospective data collection, and five studies collected the study data retrospectively. No randomized controlled trials were found. Nine of the 13 included papers used a propensity-score-matched comparison of the survival of bilateral mammary artery graft [or, bilateral internal thoracic artery ( BITA) graft] patients vs single mammary artery graft [or, single internal thoracic artery (SITA) graft] patients. These studies consistently showed an enhanced survival of BITA patients compared with propensity-score-matched SITA patients.
Three of the 13 included papers used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to compare survival of BITA vs SITA patients; one larger study showed better crude Lapatinib Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor survival of BITA patients, but did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. The remaining two studies also did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. One study only presented crude survival estimates of BITA vs SITA patients and therefore was of limited informative value. We conclude that the use of BITA grafts seems to offer a long-term survival benefit compared with a SITA graft for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Although randomized evidence is lacking, observational evidence supporting this hypothesis
“The study compares outcomes for patients with frozen embryos who had frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) timed to their natural ovulation cycle versus cycles JAK inhibitor in which endometrial timing was programmed with oestrogen and progesterone. A total of 1205 patients undergoing 1677 FET cycles between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2006 were analysed. Comparisons were made for patients undergoing modified natural versus programmed FET cycles, as well as between patients using their own eggs for frozen embryos versus those using donor-egg-derived embryos. Clinical pregnancy (gestational Selleckchem ACY-738 sac oil 7 week ultrasound) rates (CPR), as well as miscarriage rates, were significantly higher in programmed FET cycles in patients using their own eggs (106/262, 40.5% per embryo transfer, P = 0.015) However, there was not a difference in delivered pregnancies between cycle types in own egg patients (natural cycle delivery rate 245/862, 28.4%; programmed cycle delivery rate 77/262, 29.4%). Furthermore, CPR were not different in natural (38/129, 29.5%) versus programmed cycles (144/424, 34.0%) for ovum donor recipients, nor were delivered pregnancy rates different in natural (33/129, 25.6%) versus programmed cycles (114/424, 26.9%) for ovum donor recipients. In conclusion, there is no significant difference in delivery rates for FET in natural (278/991, 28.1%) versus programmed (191/686, 27.8%) cycles using both own embryos and donor-egg-derived embryos.