The theta ERS and alpha ERD show modality-independent frontal and parietal differential patterns between the mental addition and control Flavopiridol groups, and discrepancies are noted in the beta ERD between the
2-digit and 1-digit mental addition groups. The 2-digit addition (both visual and auditory) results in similar beta ERD patterns to the auditory control, which may indicate a reliance on auditory-related resources in mental arithmetic, especially with increasing task difficulty. These results coincide with the theory of simple calculation relying on the visuospatial process and complex calculation depending on the phonological process. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background in April, 2009, the first cases of influenza A H1N1 were registered in Mexico and associated with an unexpected number of deaths. We report the timing and spread of H1N1 in cases, and explore protective and risk factors for infection, severe disease, and death.
Methods We analysed information gathered by the influenza surveillance system from April 28 to July 31, 2009, for patients with influenza-like illness who attended clinics that were part of the Mexican Institute for Social Security network. We
calculated odds ratios (ORs) to compare risks of testing positive for H1N1 in those with influenza-like illness at clinic visits, the risk of admission for laboratory-confirmed cases of H1N1, and of death for inpatients according to demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms, seasonal influenza vaccine Stattic nmr status, and elapsed time from symptom onset to admission.
Findings By July 31, 63 479 cases of influenza-like illness were reported; 6945 (11%) cases of H1N1 were confirmed, 6407 (92%) were outpatients, 475 (7%) were admitted and survived, and 63 (<1%) died. Those aged 10-39 years were most affected (3922 [56%]). Mortality rates showed a J-shaped curve, with greatest risk in those aged 70 years and older (10.3%). Risk of infection was lowered in those who had been vaccinated for seasonal influenza (OR 0.65 [95% CI 0.55-0.77]). Delayed admission (1.19
[1.11-1.28] per day) and presence of chronic diseases (6.1 [2.37-15.99]) were associated with increased risk of dying.
Interpretation Risk communication and hospital preparedness are key factors to reduce mortality from H1N1 infection. Protective effects of seasonal influenza VE-821 in vitro vaccination for the virus need to be investigated.”
“Essential oils are natural, complex and multi-component systems composed mainly of terpenes in addition to some other non-terpenes compounds that are widely used to prevent and treat human diseases. (-)-alpha-Bisabolol is an unsaturated monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol found as the major constituent of many essential oils, like the German chamomile (Chamomilla recutita (L) Rauschert), a plant reported to reduce the perception of acute pain and used for centuries for their medicinal properties.