Thus, US funding of US$ 10 million helped to initiate the WHO grant programme described in this Journal issue. Three subsequent cooperative agreements with WHO (2008, 2009 and 2010 to the present) have assisted in continued and expanded support of vaccine manufacturers in ten countries: Brazil, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Thailand and Vietnam. In 2009,
BARDA used its international capacity-building funds to establish a US$ 7.9 million cooperative agreement with PATH,1 which allowed the support of final developmental processes for an egg-grown influenza vaccine at one of the original WHO awardees, the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Biologicals (IVAC) in Vietnam. The PATH supported phase 1 clinical trials from vaccine produced at IVAC are expected to be initiated see more by 2012. The close working relationship between BARDA, PATH and WHO, as well as the Vietnam selleck products Ministry of Health, has helped to assure that this project will be successful, and the egg-based production facility, partially funded through these collaborations, will be able to produce millions of doses per year of pandemic vaccine. While experts world-wide recognized the potential for an outbreak of pandemic influenza to occur at any time and many countries had begun preparing for such events, much more was needed to be fully prepared
when H1N1 emerged. Nevertheless, H1N1 had some positive effects on the progress of WHO grantee programmes. In several countries, it served to heighten awareness and interest at the government level to move from focusing solely on building influenza vaccine capacity to encouraging larger scale production and stimulating new markets. This is important to ensure sustainable production
and use of the vaccine. The best evidence for this is in India where the Serum Institute of India, supported by the HHS/WHO funding, has developed, licensed and distributed over 5 million doses of its H1N1 medroxyprogesterone LAIV. Technology and intellectual property transfer activities mediated by WHO have resulted in expanded LAIV production in both India and Thailand using vaccines based upon the LAIV backbone developed by the Institute of Experimental Medicine in Russia. Coupled with the ground-work established by WHO, high-performing partners, and local government support, this vaccine was ready in unprecedented time. BARDA is now considering the next phases of this important international capacity-building effort. In addition to seeing through the milestones in the WHO cooperative agreements grantees, BARDA is committed to supporting new initiatives for 2010–2011 laid out in the WHO programme and cooperative agreement as well as US-based training for personnel from the WHO/HHS funded sites.