A standard curve was constructed for all individual plate reactions applying the universal Selonsertib cell line control genes MSG, CAB, RBS1, and www.selleckchem.com/products/Staurosporine.html ACTB (Additional File 1). A highly fitted master equation was established (Figure 4) using the pooled data for all reference control reactions as follows: Table 2 Robust performance of standard
control genes using CAB as sole reference to set a manual threshold at 26 Ct and a master equation derived from 80 replicated plate reactions on Applied Biosystems 7500 real time PCR System Control gene Reference Ct Mean Ct Stdev Estimated mRNA (pg) Input mRNA (pg) Consistency (%) MSG 29.429 0.077 0.098 0.1 98.1 CAB 26.0 25.965 0.037 0.984 1 98.4 RBS1 22.388 0.019 10.64 10 93.6 ACTB 15.604 0.019 973.25 1000 97.3 Figure 4 Functional learn more performance
of universal RNA controls for real time qRT-PCR assays. Robust calibration control genes of MSG, CAB, RBS1, and ACTB at 0.1, 1, 10, and 1,000 pg over 80 individual 96-well reaction plates for Saccharomyces cerevisiae NRRL Y-50316 and NRRL Y-50049 treated with 8% (v/v) ethanol demonstrated highly fitted linear relationship between the mRNA input (log pg) and PCR cycle numbers (Ct) by a master equation for assays on ABI 7500 real time PCR System. Standard deviation of the slope and the intercept of the master equation based on 80 individual standard curves under varied experimental conditions was 0.0458 and 0.0966, respectively. (1) where X represents mRNA (log pg) and Y equals qRT-PCR cycle number (Ct) estimated for all reactions performed on an ABI 7500 real time PCR
System. Average PCR amplification efficiency for the entire reaction set was 95% (data not shown) as measured by the slope of the standard curves [40, 46]. Enriched background of gene transcription abundance For ethanol-tolerant strain Y-50316, initial mRNA abundance of many genes showed significant difference without ethanol challenges compared with its parental strain Y-50049 under the same growth conditions. At the next designated 0 h, a time point the culture was incubated for 6 h before the ethanol addition, at least 35 genes were found having higher gene transcription abundance for the ethanol-tolerant yeast than its parental strain (Figure 5 and Table 3). In this group, 26 were first identified as ethanol tolerance related genes as follows: ELO1, GUP2, HSP31, PGM1, PFK1, PDA1, LPD1, IRC15, ADH2, ADH3, ADH7, ZWF1, SOL3, GND1, PRS1, PDR1, PDR5, PDR12, YOR1, SNQ2, ICT1, DDI1, TPO1, GRE2, YDR248C, and YMR102C (Table 3). Since the higher levels of transcripts were acquired through the tolerant adaptation procedures, these genes are considered as ethanol-tolerance related. They belong to groups of heat shock proteins, glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, fatty acid metabolism and the PDR gene family.