The temperature dependence of the rate was studied A possible me

The temperature dependence of the rate was studied. A possible mechanism consistent with the experimental data is proposed. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl buy IPI-145 Polym Sci 121: 1299-1303, 2011″
“Radiofrequency. ablation (RFA), usually performed under percutaneous ultrasound guidance, is considered the gold standard among minimally invasive therapies. On the strength of some recent randomized trials, its indications include operable patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma and inoperable patients with more advanced disease also in combination with other therapies. RFA has lower

complication rates and costs less than surgery.”
“Distinct ecotypes of the snail Littorina saxatilis, each linked to a specific shore microhabitat, form a mosaic-like pattern with narrow hybrid zones in between, over which gene flow is

10-30% of within-ecotype gene flow. Multi-locus comparisons cluster populations by geographic affinity independent of ecotype, while loci under selection group populations by ecotype. The repeated occurrence of partially reproductively isolated ecotypes and the Ro-3306 cost conflicting patterns in neutral and selected genes can either be explained by separation in allopatry followed by secondary overlap and extensive introgression that homogenizes neutral differences evolved under allopatry, or by repeated evolution in parapatry, or in sympatry, with the same ecotypes appearing in each local site. Data from Spain, the UK and Sweden give stronger support for a non-allopatric model of ecotype formation than for an allopatric model. Several different non-allopatric mechanisms can, however, explain the repeated evolution of the ecotypes: (i) parallel evolution by new mutations

in different populations; (ii) evolution from standing genetic variation; and (iii) evolution in concert with rapid spread of new positive mutations among populations inhabiting similar environments. These models make different predictions that can be tested using comprehensive phylogenetic information combined with candidate loci sequencing.”
“Density (rho), viscosity (eta), check details and speed of ultrasound (U) (2 MHz) of pure solvents (chloroform, THF, and 1,4-dioxane) and solutions of epoxy acrylate of 9,9′-bis(4-hydroxy phenyl) anthrone-10 (EAAN) have been investigated at 303, 308, and 313 K. Specific acoustical impedance (Z), isentropic compressibility (kappa(s)), intermolecular free path length (L(f)), classical absorption coefficient (alpha/f(2))(cl), and viscous relaxation time (tau) have been determined from rho, eta, and U data and are correlated with concentration. Z, (alpha/f(2))(cl), and tau increased with C and decreased with T, while kappa(s) and L(f) decreased with C and increased with T in the solvent systems studied. A fairly good to excellent correlation between a given parameter and concentration is observed in solvent systems studied.

We compared the effectiveness, efficiency,

We compared the effectiveness, efficiency, buy BEZ235 and costliness of the 2 methods.

Results: Comparing the culture determination methods revealed that the identification sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative

predictive values were 100%, 100%, 100% and 100%, respectively, for the FISH method and 98.5%, 100%, 100% and 98.5%, respectively, for the PCR method. The FISH method took approximately 3 hours to complete per sample, whereas PCR took approximately 4 hours. S aureus was differentiated from CoNS via the FISH method 1 hour faster than via PCR identification.

Conclusion: Although the FISH and PCR methods both allow for the rapid and reliable identification of S aureus in clinical specimens, FISH is more appropriate for testing a few specimens, whereas PCR is more appropriate for testing a large number of specimens at a lower cost.”
“OBJECTIVE: Neonatal asphyxia may have severe consequences in term newborns. Our purpose was to identify possible risk factors of severe acidosis during pregnancy and labor.


In a case-control study from January 2003 to December 2008 in three university perinatal centers (two French and one Canadian hospitals), we analyzed 226 women with term pregnancies complicated by severe neonatal acidosis (umbilical artery pH less than 7.00). Cases were individually matched with controls with a normal acid-base status (pH 7.15 or greater) paired by parity. Groups were compared for differences in maternal, obstetric, and fetal characteristics. Univariable and logistic conditional

5-Fluoracil in vitro regression were used to identify possible risk factors.

RESULTS: Among 46,722 births after 22 weeks, 6,572 preterm births and 829 stillbirths or terminations of pregnancy were excluded. From the 39,321 live term births, 5.30% of pH values were unavailable. Severe acidosis complicated 0.63% of 37,235 term structurally normal pregnancies. By using multivariate conditional regression, maternal age 35 years or older (35.0% compared with selleckchem 15.5%; odds ratio [OR] 5.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.51-12.40), prior neonatal death (3.5% compared with 0%), prior cesarean delivery (24.7% compared with 6.6%; OR 4.08, 95% CI 1.71-9.72) even after excluding cases of uterine rupture, general anesthesia (8.4 compared with 0.9%; OR 8.04, 95% CI 1.26-50.60), thick meconium (6.4% compared with 2.8%; OR 5.81, 95% CI 1.72-19.66), uterine rupture (4.4% compared with 0%), and abnormal fetal heart rate (66.1% compared with 19.8%; OR 8.77, 95% CI 3.72-20.78) were independent risk factors of severe neonatal acidosis.

CONCLUSION: Prior cesarean delivery, maternal age 35 years or older, prior neonatal death, general anesthesia, thick meconium, uterine rupture, and abnormal fetal heart rate are independent risk factors of severe neonatal acidosis. (Obstet Gynecol 2011;118:818-23) DOI: 10.1097/AOG.

PCB 9 was cytotoxic at 5 mu M within 5 min of exposure, and the t

PCB 9 was cytotoxic at 5 mu M within 5 min of exposure, and the toxicity increased

with time and concentration. None of the other congeners showed consistent cytotoxicity. The cytotoxicity was roughly correlated Selleck A1331852 with elevations in cellular ROS levels, but not with changes in intracellular calcium. To the best of our knowledge, toxicity of lower chlorinated, more volatile congeners such as PCB 9 has not been previously studied. These observations may be taken to explain the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease previously reported among residents living near to hazardous waste sites containing PCBs. (c) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2012.”
“Objective. Laparoscopic techniques for placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters are becoming increasingly popular. This study describes an one-port laparoscopic technique for insertion of peritoneal dialysis learn more catheters. Material and methods. Eighteen consecutive chronic renal failure patients underwent laparoscopic placement of Swan-neck catheters. All patients were eligible to receive local

infiltration anaesthesia and none had had a previous peritoneal catheter placed. Videoscopic monitoring was performed via a peel-away sheath through an incision near the umbilicus; a 16 Fr peel-away sheath was then inserted towards the bladder and rectum. A Swan-neck catheter was passed through the peel-away sheath into the true pelvis. A subcutaneous tunnel was created and a point in left lower quadrant was selected as the exit site of

the catheter. Results. All the catheters were successfully placed and the mean time of operation was 26.5 min (range 14-35 min). The patients were discharged 2-4 Pevonedistat cell line days following the operation. During a mean follow-up period of 10.6 months (range 6-18 months), there were no catheter-related complications, such as catheter migration, dialysate leakage, exit-site infection and bacterial peritonitis. Conclusions. One-port laparoscopic technique is a simple, safe and effective method for placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters.”
“AimTo assess the diagnostic accuracy of the ultrasonographic discrimination of benign adnexal masses.

MethodsThis was a prospective study, evaluating 245 consecutive cases using real-time gray-scale ultrasonography in a tertiary education hospital.

ResultsDiagnostic accuracy was high for simple cysts and solid masses as -values of 0.824 and 0.816 and accuracy was moderate for endometriomas, dermoid cysts and cystadenomas as -values of 0.758, 0.689 and 0.627, respectively, and low for hemorrhagic cysts as a -value of 0.587. A logistic regression model was developed using ultrasonographic characteristics of the adnexal masses.

The authors,

journal, date and country of publication, pa

The authors,

journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. All the included studies were follow-up studies; eight studies used prospective data collection, and five studies collected the study data retrospectively. No randomized controlled trials were found. Nine of the 13 included papers used a propensity-score-matched comparison of the survival of bilateral mammary artery graft [or, bilateral internal thoracic artery ( BITA) graft] patients vs single mammary artery graft [or, single internal thoracic artery (SITA) graft] patients. These studies consistently showed an enhanced survival of BITA patients compared with propensity-score-matched SITA patients.

Three of the 13 included papers used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to compare survival of BITA vs SITA patients; one larger study showed better crude Lapatinib Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor survival of BITA patients, but did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. The remaining two studies also did not identify BITA grafts as independent predictor of enhanced survival. One study only presented crude survival estimates of BITA vs SITA patients and therefore was of limited informative value. We conclude that the use of BITA grafts seems to offer a long-term survival benefit compared with a SITA graft for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Although randomized evidence is lacking, observational evidence supporting this hypothesis

is mounting.”
“The study compares outcomes for patients with frozen embryos who had frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) timed to their natural ovulation cycle versus cycles JAK inhibitor in which endometrial timing was programmed with oestrogen and progesterone. A total of 1205 patients undergoing 1677 FET cycles between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2006 were analysed. Comparisons were made for patients undergoing modified natural versus programmed FET cycles, as well as between patients using their own eggs for frozen embryos versus those using donor-egg-derived embryos. Clinical pregnancy (gestational Selleckchem ACY-738 sac oil 7 week ultrasound) rates (CPR), as well as miscarriage rates, were significantly higher in programmed FET cycles in patients using their own eggs (106/262, 40.5% per embryo transfer, P = 0.015) However, there was not a difference in delivered pregnancies between cycle types in own egg patients (natural cycle delivery rate 245/862, 28.4%; programmed cycle delivery rate 77/262, 29.4%). Furthermore, CPR were not different in natural (38/129, 29.5%) versus programmed cycles (144/424, 34.0%) for ovum donor recipients, nor were delivered pregnancy rates different in natural (33/129, 25.6%) versus programmed cycles (114/424, 26.9%) for ovum donor recipients. In conclusion, there is no significant difference in delivery rates for FET in natural (278/991, 28.1%) versus programmed (191/686, 27.8%) cycles using both own embryos and donor-egg-derived embryos.

ObjectivesWe aimed to describe the evolution of total IgE and spe

ObjectivesWe aimed to describe the evolution of total IgE and specific IgE responses to house-dust mite (HDM) allergens and Ascaris in a birth cohort (Risk Factors for Asthma and Allergy in the Tropics, FRAAT), analyzing their relationships with PKC412 datasheet wheezing.

MethodsTotal and specific IgE were measured by ImmunoCap in mothers and children at four different time points (S1-S4) between 0 and 42months. Parasite infection was evaluated by stool examination.

ResultsMaternal total IgE (aOR: 2.43, 95% CI: 1.09-5.43; p=0.03) and socio-demographic factors were associated with high cord blood (CB) total IgE. High CB total IgE was positively associated

with higher Blomia tropicalis and Ascaris-specific IgE values during lifetime, but protected from recurrent wheezing (aOR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.08-0.88, p=0.03). Prevalence rates of IgE sensitization

were high; at around 3yr old, they were 33.3, 18.6, and 26.5% for B.tropicalis, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Selleckchem Linsitinib and Ascaris, respectively. Indicators of unhygienic conditions were risk factors for HDM and Ascaris sensitization in children. A weak statistical association between B.tropicalis-specific IgE and ever wheezing was found (aOR: 1.47 95% CI: 1.00-2.28, p=0.05).

ConclusionsIn a socioeconomically deprived community from the tropics, sensitization to HDM allergens was very frequent at early life, especially to B.tropicalis. In contrast to expected according to the hygiene hypothesis, unhygienic/poverty conditions were risk factors for allergen sensitization. High CB total IgE levels were a risk factor for allergen sensitization but protected from recurrent wheezing.

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“Background and objective: Roflumilast, an oral, selective phosphodiesterase

4 inhibitor, has been shown to reduce exacerbations and improve pulmonary function in patients with COPD. This study examined the efficacy, safety and tolerability of roflumilast in Asian patients with COPD.

Methods: Patients with COPD were randomized 1:1 to enter a 12-week treatment period and receive BMS-777607 purchase either oral roflumilast, 500 mu g once daily, or placebo, following a single-blind, 4-week baseline period in which all patients received placebo. The primary end point was mean change in FEV(1) from baseline to each postran-domization visit during the treatment period. Other spirometric lung function measurements were evaluated as secondary end points. COPD exacerbations were monitored. Safety was assessed from clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, physical examination (including electrocardiogram) and monitoring of adverse events (AEs).

Results: Of 551 patients recruited, 410 were randomized and received at least one dose of study medication (roflumilast, n = 203; placebo, n = 207).

Moreover, all the treatment with GA, UVB, and GA + UVB in HaCaT c

Moreover, all the treatment with GA, UVB, and GA + UVB in HaCaT cells induced apoptosis. We further demonstrated that GA had synergistic apoptotic effect in human keratinocytes. GA and UVB both had effects oil the decline of MMP and

increase of ROS release, and GA had synergistic increase in the level of ROS in UVB-treated HaCaT cells. Besides, co-treatment with GA and UVB had synergistic effect on apoptosis through the over-expressions of Bax, p21, p53, caspases-3, -4, -9, Endo G and AIF, and confocal microscopy disclosed translocation of AIF and Endo selleck chemicals llc G from cytoplasm to the nucleus. Therefore, apoptosis induced by co-treatment by GA + UVB was initiated and executed by multiple pathways including mitochondria- and ER-dependent, and caspase-dependent and caspase-independent pathways.

Conclusion: We demonstrated that GA, UVB, GA + UVB inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in HaCaT cells.

The mechanisms of apoptosis induced by co-treatment of GA and UVB involve multiple pathways. The synergistic photo-toxicity may be related to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in UVB-treated HaCaT cells. These results highlight the potential adverse effects of GA-containing cosmetic agents on human skin. (C) 2011 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of a low-radiation-dose digital tomosynthesis (DTS) technique with that of conventional radiography in the detection of lung lesions in patients with pulmonary mycobacterial disease.

Materials and selleck products Methods: The institutional review board approved this study, and all patients provided

informed consent. In this study, 100 patients (65 study patients, 35 control patients) underwent multidetector computed tomography (CT), chest MDV3100 Endocrinology & Hormones inhibitor radiography, and low-dose DTS (effective doses: 3.4, 0.02, and 0.05 mSv, respectively). Two radiologists evaluated radiographs and DTS images for the presence of parenchymal lesions and the number of cavities in each patient; CT served as the reference standard. Wilcoxon signed rank and McNemar tests and k statistics were used.

Results: The accuracies of DTS and radiography in depicting mycobacterial disease were 97% and 89%, respectively, for observer 1 (P = .039) and 99% and 93%, respectively, for observer 2 (P = .031). The accuracies of DTS and radiography in depicting each lesion type were, respectively, 95% and 77% for bronchiolitis, 92% and 76% for nodules, 86% and 79% for consolidation, and 93% and 70% for cavities. Interobserver agreement with DTS (k = 0.62-0.94) was superior to that with radiography (k = 0.46-0.62). Of a total of 141 cavities found with CT, means of 27 (19%) cavities at chest radiography and 108 (77%) cavities at DTS (P < .01) were detected by the two observers.

Second, we discuss the systematic design of the robust mesofilter

Second, we discuss the systematic design of the robust mesofilters based on densely-engineered mesopores of silica NTs, which are vertically aligned with the open surfaces of top-bottom ends inside the AAM. Third, we present the bench-top filtration method

as a powerful tool for the size-exclusion separation of macromolecules. Significantly, the evaluation of the intrinsic properties of mesofilters (e.g., diffusivity, separation efficiency, long-term stability, and reusability) compared them with commercial, mature membranes used for separation of macromolecules. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Proteins carry out important functions as they fold themselves. Protein misfolding occurs during different biochemical processes and may lead to the development of diseases such as cancer, which is characterized by genetic instability. The cancer microenvironment exposes malignant cells to a variety selleckchem of stressful conditions that may further promote protein misfolding. Tumor development and progression

selleck screening library often arises from mutations that interfere with the appropriate function of tumor-suppressor proteins and oncogenes. These may be due to alteration of catalytic activity of the protein, loss of binding sites for effector proteins or alterations of the native folded protein conformation. Src family kinases, p53, mTOR and C-terminus of HSC70 interacting protein (CHIPs) are some examples associated with protein misfolding and tumorigenesis. Molecular

chaperones, such as heat-shock protein (HSP)70 and HSP90, assist protein folding and recognize target misfolded proteins for degradation. It is likely that this misfolding in cancer is linked by common principles, and may, therefore, present an exciting possibility to identify common targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we aim to review a number of examples Oligomycin A supplier that show how alterations in the folding of tumor-suppressor proteins or oncogenes lead to tumorigenesis. The possibility of targeting the targets to repair or degrade protein misfolding in cancer therapy is discussed.”
“Purpose: To analyze the main determinants of burden and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in caregivers of Brazilian Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients.

Methods: Caregivers answered Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Zarit caregiver burden interview (ZCBI) and EQ-5D, a generic measure of HRQoL. Patients were assessed with Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) staging; Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson’s disease (SCOPA) Motor, Cognition, Psychosocial and Sleep scales; Non-Motor Symptoms Scale; HADS; Clinical Impression of Severity Index; EQ-5D and Parkinson’s Psychosis Rating Scale.

Results: 50 Caregiver-patient dyads were assessed. Caregivers were significantly younger (55.7 vs. 65.4 years), p < 0.0001. Eighty-eight per cent of caregivers were females, and 78% were spouses.

It is still debated to what extent these effects translate into c

It is still debated to what extent these effects translate into cardiovascular risk reduction beyond that conferred by LDL reduction.”
“Drug-loaded Selleck BLZ945 calcium pectinate gel (CaPG) beads were prepared by either mixing, absorption, or swelling method. The effects of drug loading method as well as the drug loading factors (i.e., drug concentration, soaking time in drug solution,

type of solvent) on drug content and drug release were investigated. The amount of drug uptake (i.e., drug content) into CaPG beads increased as the initial drug concentration increased and varied depending on the loading method. The in vitro release studies in 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (HCl) and pH 6.8 buffer indicated that the drug loading method affected drug release and release parameter, time for 50% of drug release (T(50)). The mixing method provided a faster drug release and lower T(50) than the absorption method and swelling method, respectively. This is probably due to higher drug content in CaPG beads. The increased concentration of drug in soaking solution and soaking time resulted in higher drug content and thus faster drug release (lower in T(50) values). When using 0.1 N HCl as solvent for soaking instead of water, the drug release was slower owing to the increase in molecular tortuosity of CaPG beads. Selleckchem EPZ015666 The drug release was also affected by pH of the release medium in which drug release in 0.1 N HCl

see more was faster than in pH 6.8 buffer.”
“Replacement therapy using recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) is currently the most common therapy for hemophilia A, a bleeding disorder caused by the deficiency of FVIII. However, 15-30% of patients develop inhibitory antibodies against administered rFVIII, which complicates the therapy. Encapsulation or association of protein with lipidic structures can reduce this immune response. Previous

studies developed and characterized rFVIII-containing phosphatidylserine (PS) cochleate cylinders using biophysical techniques. It was hypothesized that these structures may provide a reduction in immunogenicity while avoiding the rapid clearance by the reticuloendothelial system (RES) previously observed with liposomal vesicles of similar composition. This study investigated in vivo behavior of the cochleates containing rFVIII including immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics in hemophilia A mice. The rFVIII-cochleate complex significantly reduced the level of inhibitory antibody developed against rFVIII following intravenous (i.v.) administration. Pharmacokinetic modeling allowed assessment of in vivo release kinetics. Cochleates acted as a delayed release delivery vehicle with an input peak of cochleates showed limited RES uptake and associated rFVIII displayed a similar disposition to the free protein upon release from the structure. Incomplete disassociation from the complex limits systemic availability of the protein.

Results: High sensitivity (87 8%), specificity (100%), positive (

Results: High sensitivity (87.8%), specificity (100%), positive (100%) and negative

(98.7%) predictive values, and accuracy (98.8%) were observed for all malignant endometrial pathologies obtained at dilatation and curettage. In postmenopausal women, eight malignancies were missed when the preoperative diagnosis from the dilatation and curettage sample indicated inadequate tissue or premalignant lesions. For premenopausal Givinostat concentration women, we found only two missed malignancies. The accuracy was 99.5% and 96.8% for malignant pathologies diagnosed from curettage material for pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively.

Conclusions: Dilatation and curettage remains the ‘gold standard’ for diagnosing endometrial pathologies, especially

“Purpose: To investigate whether modified acidic fibroblast growth factor (MaFGF) can protect NRK52E cell against apoptotic death induced by actinomycin D (Act D) and the effect of MaFGF on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Methods: NRK52E cell apoptotic death was measured by several methods including cell morphologic observation, Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry. In addition, the levels of phosphorylated-Akt protein were analyzed by Western blotting method.

Results: The results showed that 0.75 learn more mg/L Act D-treated NRK52E cell for 20 h was the optimal conditions for establishing NRK52E cell apoptotic model. Different doses of MaFGF (0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3 and 1.0 mg/L) decreased apoptotic rate but enhanced the expression of phosphorylated Akt protein. However, MaFGF’s protection against Act D-induced apoptosis was significantly (p < 0.05) prevented when NRK52E cells were exposed to wortmannin.

Conclusion: These results this website reveal that MaFGF can reduce the

level of ActD-induced apoptotic cell death in 20 h, and the protective mechanism of MaFGF may be associated with the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by up-regulation of expression of phosphorylated Akt protein.”
“The first worldwide interlaboratory study on organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) was organized to improve the quality of the data reported in the literature. The study involved standard solutions, dust, fish oil and sediment samples.

The differences in coefficients of variation (CV) between the samples were related more to PFR concentration (with high blanks being reported by some laboratories) and less to matrix type. Not all participating laboratories suffered from blank problems, which indicated that it was possible to control the blanks.

We include recommendations on how to improve analytical performance, especially to reduce contamination of blanks. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Although lung cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), data regarding pulmonary embolism (PE) in lung cancer patients are limited.

A substantial proportion of rituximab-treated patients with idiop

A substantial proportion of rituximab-treated patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy show complete or partial remission of proteinuria, and reduced levels of phospholipase A, receptor autoantibodies, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Successful rituximab therapy induces prolonged remission and enables discontinuation of other medications without substantially increasing the risk of infections and other serious adverse events.

However, the available evidence of efficacy of rituximab therapy is derived chiefly from small case series and requires confirmation in prospective, randomized, controlled studies that define the indications for use and predictors of response to this GSK690693 supplier therapy.”
“Aims: To compare the effects of polypropylene mesh or porcine dermal acellular collagen matrix mesh with and without estradiol supplementation on vaginal smooth muscle cells (VaSMC) proliferation. Results: Under in vitro culture conditions, VaSMC proliferation was significantly higher in the porcine dermal acellular collagen matrix mesh exposed cells compared to the type I

polypropylene mesh exposed cells (relative cell number, mean +/- SD, 0.27 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.21 +/- 0.01, P 0.03). Under estradiol supplementation cell proliferation in the porcine mesh exposed

cells remained significantly higher compared to the polypropylene mesh exposed cells (relative cell number, mean +/- SD, 0.27 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.15 +/- 0.03, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Thedecreasedrate of erosionfoundwiththe utilization of biological absorbablemesh in vaginal reconstructive surgery STI571 may partially be explained by the significantly increased VaSMC proliferation with porcine dermal acellular collagen mesh compared to polypropylene mesh. Neurourol. Urodynam. 30: 435- 437, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the presence of extended criteria donors influences the early and long-term results in patients referred for lung transplantation. Of the 30 papers found using a report search, 14 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date, country of publication, study type, group studied, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are given. In total, we recorded 10 retrospective studies that considered all the donor criteria for comparing marginal donors (MDs) and standard donors. On the one hand, six of them showed no difference between the two groups in terms of early and long-term results.